Pruning your roses is essential to keep them healthy, strong and beautiful all year around. Here are some helpful pointers.
When should you prune: The safest time to prune your roses is late winter, to avoid and make sure your plant doesn’t take any frost damage.
The tools you need: Gloves of some sort to avoid the thorns, a pair of bypass hand sheers for the smaller foliage, a pair of long handled bypass loppers for the thicker cranes. The sheers and loppers should both be bypass and not anvil head.
Instructions: Start by removing any dead canes you can find, easily spotted by their black and shriveled appearance. Next, remove any rootstocks growing from the plants (new plants growing from the roots of the host plant). Prune remaining canes that cross or rub against one another (otherwise, these are prime spots for diseases). After this, prune the rest of the healthy plants to your desired shape, cutting at a 45 degree angle. When winter begins, place any form of winter protection that you have for the plant and repeat the whole process again next year.